Who doesn't have a friend or friend who is especially good at dancing? And who doesn't have another friend who looks like a "dizzy duck" when he dances? And there are people who when music plays have a almost innate ability to associate with rhythm and create their own choreographies. They are also especially good at learning different types of dances and rhythms. Welcome to the Howard Gardner Kinetic-Corporal Intelligence.
Dancing is not just moving the body. It requires coordination, rhythm, associating with another partner if it is dancing with a partner, or associating with more partners if it is a dance group. Many of the people who enjoy dancing ensure that time passes by and define the experience as something like "let go and fly with music". What is behind this kind of intelligence?
- 1 Kinetic-Body Intelligence
- 2 A bit of history
- 3 Stages of Development: first months to 12 years
- 4 Kinetic-Corporal Intelligence at the neurological level
- 5 Features
- 6 Bibliography
The Kinetic-Body Intelligence can be defined as the art of movement and expression through the body. Through our body we transmit feelings, thoughts and emotions through different movements. These movements are based on different skills such as coordination, balance, strength, speed and dexterity.
However, not only the dance (expressing an emotion with the body) is associated with this type of intelligence. It also includes the sport (compete in a game) or manual skills (create new products) to handle tools with skill.
"The goal of education is to help people use their minds better."
The movement can be trainedIn this way we will increase our coordination, precision, flexibility, agility and balance. As we have seen in previous articles, intelligence can be developed and enhanced. If we train and strive, little by little we will reach a body-mind union that will allow us to perform different activities and learnings.
Gardner states that "The mind must be trained to use the body and the body must be trained to expressly respond to the mind's orders".
A little history
Dance has meant something fundamental throughout history in man. Through it he has expressed feelings and emotions. Even the shamans danced to make invocations. He also danced to celebrate births, weddings and deaths. To attract luck when they went hunting or to war. Mind-body coordination has always been there.
The hand tools creation It is also a sample of this kind of intelligence. At the beginning it was about survival, however, over time the tools were increasingly sophisticated, thus showing a clear process of evolution.
Stages of Development: first months to 12 years
- 4 months: Play with rattles.
- 6 months: They stand erect when they sit. They push and drag what lies ahead. They are able to bring the foot to the mouth.
- 9 months: Greets. Crawl. Start to stand up. Beat the palms.
- 12-14 months: Simple constructions stacking blocks. They start to walk. They browse books and magazines.
- 18 months: They climb stairs. They keep the balance. They sit, walk and run. They are already beginning to scribble.
- 20-25 months: It is able to accumulate and lift objects. Shoot the ball.
- 2 years: You can go on a tricycle and start practicing simple sports.
- 2 ½ years: He loves to listen and invent stories. Get attention for longer and longer periods of time.
- 3-5 years: You start dressing alone.
- 5-6 years: He likes physical exercise and testing his skills. It improves balance. You can walk on a straight line with one foot in front of the other. Learn to tie your shoes.
- 6-12 years: Creative stage with respect to dance choreographies. Start leaning towards the physical activities that you like the most.
- 12: From this age the evolution of kinetic-bodily intelligence loses strength in its natural evolution. He who wants to strengthen it should continue to stimulate it.
Kinetic-Corporal Intelligence at the neurological level
- The first important structure related to this type of intelligence is the cerebellum. It is related to the coordination of muscle activity, the maintenance of muscle tone and balance. This structure receives information constantly to coordinate the activity correctly. Receive information about the cerebral cortex, muscles and joints. It also receives impulses from the inner ear on the position and movements of the head.
- Basal ganglia. The basal ganglia are formed by a group of gray matter nuclei related to motor, emotional and cognitive functions. We found the striated body, which is subdivided into the caudate nucleus and the lenticular nucleus, formed by the putamen and the pale balloon. The striatum is part of the extra-pyramidal motor system and its function is to regulate muscle tone, the regulation of unconscious movements and the regulation of automatic movements that require prior learning.
- The motor cortex It is responsible for the motor functioning of the members and other motor organs. It processes the planning, as well as the control and execution of the voluntary motor functions. The movement control center is located in the motor cortex and each hemisphere controls body movements on the opposite side.
Children who excel in kinetic-bodily intelligence need to touch the content and use their hands for it. They create and express what they feel through their body. They move and process the information through the sensations they receive bodily.
They love to jump, run, dance, play sports, manual tasks, etc.. They tend to gesture when they talk and move restlessly. In games and exercises they usually show good coordination. Stand out in strength, speed, flexibility, speed, eye-manual coordination and balance.
"The truth is that everyone who lives in a human body owns an extraordinary creation."
If they learn through touch this learning is enhanced and create things for themselves. In the same way, they remember better the experiences in which they participated than in those that were only observers. They are active participants of learning and not passive recipients of information.
Some related professions with kinetic-body intelligence they would be: dancers, athletes, surgeons, artists, instrumentalists, sculptors, craftsmen, machinists, seamstresses, actors, carpenters and choreographers.
- Gardner, H. (1988). The new science of the mind. History of the cognitive revolution.
- Gardner, H., (2000). The education of the mind and knowledge of the disciplines. Paidós Iberian.
- Gardner, H., (2005). Multiple intelligences: theory in practice. Barcelona, Paidós.
- Gardner, H., (2005). Reformulated intelligence: multiple intelligences in the 21st century. Barcelona, Paidós.
- Gardner, H., (2011). Multiple intelligences: The theory in practice. Paidós Iberian.
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